Different conditions affect how the eyes function. Each disease has its factors and methods of care and treatment.
Many eye diseases do not display symptoms until they have already become advanced. For some, treatment can only manage or slow down their progress but not entirely cure them.
At EyeCare Associates of Haslett & Perry, our eye doctors are specially trained and board certified in the diagnosis, management, and treatment of eye disease and injuries. Our facilities are equipped with special instrumentation to perform procedures such as corneal and conjunctival foreign body removal, tear duct implant installation for dry eye syndrome, optic nerve, and eye pressure analysis for glaucoma and high powered magnification for differential diagnosis of various types of red eye.
What Are the Most Common Eye Diseases and Conditions?
Some of the more common eye ailments include:
- Glaucoma: A group of eye conditions affecting the optic nerve. Glaucoma is usually linked to a buildup of pressure inside the eye. Increased intraocular pressure damages the optic nerve. The optic nerve is the part of the eye that transmits visual information to the brain. Any damage to the optic nerve affects vision.
- Cataracts: Clouding of the lens of the eye. Cataracts typically occur in people who are 65 years or older, but in rare cases, some people are born with them. Cataracts have also been known to develop because of trauma or as a side effect of eye surgery.
- Astigmatism: Astigmatism occurs when the layers of the cornea are curved irregularly. This results in a refractive error. As a result, the eye is unable to focus light on the retina and leads to blurred or distorted vision.
- Diabetic Eye Disease: Eye conditions stemming from diabetes, either type 1 or 2. These conditions include cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and diabetic macular edema.
- Macular Degeneration: An eye condition that causes deterioration in the retina’s center, an area called the macula. The macula is an area of the eye with light-sensing cells located at the center of the retina.
How Do I Know if I Have an Eye Disease?
Many of the most common eye diseases have no discernible symptoms or warning signs. In these cases, your best defense against eye diseases is having regular eye exams. Only a trained eye doctor can perform eye exams and detect diseases before they cause impairment. There are also symptoms that you should watch out for, such as:
- Blurred vision
- The feeling of foreign particles in the eye
- Discharge, either clear or mucous
- Redness in the white part of the eye
- Sensitivity to light
Which Treatment Methods Are Used for Eye Diseases?
Treatments include prescription glasses, contact lenses, eye drops, medication, and surgery. Some of the treatments for specific diseases are:
- Cataract Treatment: Advanced intraocular lens implants, or lifestyle lenses, replace the eye’s natural lens. The clouded lens must be removed entirely to provide clear vision. This is a procedure called Refractive Lens Exchange or RLE. Cataract surgery is a non-invasive, outpatient procedure, resulting in clear, crisp vision.
- Managing Glaucoma: There is no cure for glaucoma, but it is something that you can manage and control. Your glaucoma will be treated based on the kind you have and the severity of its progression. Methods of treating glaucoma include eye drops, the iStent, Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty, Trabeculectomy, and MLT Micropulsed Diode Laser Trabeculoplasty.
- Macular Degeneration: Untreated macular degeneration leads to vision loss. Once diagnosed, you must treat macular degeneration to avoid further progression. Treatment options include medication, injection therapy, high-energy laser light, and light-sensitive drugs combined with laser therapy.
Why Choose EyeCare Associates of Haslett & Perry?
It is crucial to seek professional care for all your eye problems. Even something as minor as red eyes could be a sign of a severe eye condition occurring. The doctors at EyeCare Associates are well-trained to diagnose and provide excellent treatment for all eye conditions. Whatever your eye care needs, our doctors will meet them all.